Scribner 2005



New York Magazine Best New York Book of 2005

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Other Books by Mark Caldwell

New York Night: The Mystique and Its History

Author: Mark Caldwell

Who among us cannot testify to the possibilities of the night? To the mysterious, shadowed intersections of music, smoke, money, alcohol, desire, and dream? The hours between dusk and dawn are when we are most urgently free, when high meets low, when tongues wag, when wallets loosen, when uptown, downtown, rich, poor, black, white, gay, straight, male, and female so often chance upon one another. Night is when we are more likely to carouse, fornicate, fall in love, murder, or ourselves fall prey. And if there is one place where the grandness, danger, and enchantment of night have been lived more than anywhere else  lived in fact for over 350 years  it is, of course, New York City. From glittering opulence to sordid violence, from sweetest romance to grinding lust, critic and historian Mark Caldwell chronicles, with both intimate detail and epic sweep, the story of New York nightlife from 1643 to the present, featuring the famous, the notorious, and the unknown who have long walked the city's streets and lived its history. New York Night ranges from the leafy forests at Manhattan's tip, where Indians and Europeans first met, to the candlelit taverns of old New Amsterdam, to the theaters, brothels, and saloon prizefights of the Civil War era, to the lavish entertainments of the Gilded Age, to the speakeasies and nightclubs of the century past, and even to the strip clubs and glamour restaurants of today. We see madams and boxers, murderers and drunks, soldiers, singers, layabouts, and thieves. We see the swaggering "Sporting Men," the fearless slatterns, the socially prominent rakes, the chorus girls, the impresarios, the gangsters, the club hoppers, and the dead. We see none other than the great Charles Dickens himself taken to a tavern of outrageous repute and be so shocked by what he witnesses that he must be helped to the door. We see human beings making their nighttime bet with New York City. Some of these stories are tragic, some comic, but all paint a resilient metropolis of the night. In New York, uniquely among the world's great cities, the hours of darkness have always brought opposites together, with results both creative and violent. This is a book that is filled with intrigue, crime, sex, violence, music, dance, and the blur of neon-lit crowds along ribbons of pavement. Technology, too, figures in the drama, with such inventions as gas and electric light, photography, rapid transit, and the scratchy magic of radio appearing one by one to collaborate in a nocturnal world of inexhaustible variety and excitement. New York Night will delight history buffs, New Yorkers in love with their home, and anyone who wants to see how human nocturnal behavior has changed and not changed as the world's greatest city has come into being. New York Night is a spellbinding social history of the day's dark hours, when work ends, secrets reveal themselves, and the unimaginable becomes real.

New York Night: The Mystique and Its History

Publishers Weekly (starred review):

Caldwell's poetic approach to New York City is epic as he paints a portrait of New York nightlife from 1643 to the present. He brings past places and people alive with vivid imagery, gleaming like neon colors emerging from a twilight fog. The book becomes a time machine, beginning with 17th-century New Amsterdam's Wooden Horse tavern (dispensing "the volatile elixir that alternately held [the city] together and blew it apart"). As centuries flash by, Caldwell (The Last Crusade: The War on Consumption 1862-1954) hovers over milestones and architectural splendors. In 1836, the leading outdoor nighttime venue was Niblo's Garden, "famous for its fireworks and festoons of light," which glowed on Broadway long before millions of theatergoers began crowding the Great White Way. Many Manhattan industries -- "theater, restaurants, newspapers, broadcasting -- begin a crescendo of activity with each dusk," and Caldwell chronicles it all, from gaslights to gangsters, from riots to prizefights, from burlesque to Bickford's, from opium to heroin, from the Beat Generation to the fiction of Richard Yates, from fame to obscurity. Plunging into the heart of darkness, this masterful work succeeds in illuminating the vast shadowy soul of New York.


New York Magazine:

Best New York Book of 2005

Other books gave us incisive looks at New York this year, like Kate Ascher’s The Works: Anatomy of a City, a wonk’s ultimate reference guide to our municipal infrastructure. But Caldwell’s study of New York after dark  -- from New Amsterdam pub brawls to Studio 54 -- taps directly into the city’s collective unconscious. Nighttime, after all, is when the Stonewall was raided, when a 1776 fire engulfed the city, and when Hannah "Man-o'-War Nance" Bradshaw suffered a famous case of spontaneous human combustion. It takes a deft storyteller to pull together such disparate fragments in a grand historical context, and Caldwell manages it well.


Michael Feinstein:

New York Night is an amazing tour de force that dazzlingly redefines a city that I thought I knew so well. Mark Caldwell has made me keenly aware that I live in two different cities, and the nocturnal one is much more exciting!


Mary Cleere Haran:

The magic of this book -- the author's painterly way with light, the indelible images he conjures -- lingers on like a Cole Porter melody, constantly shifting from dark to light, from major to minor keys. Mark Caldwell has an extraordinary gift for bringing the legendary and the obscure characters of night-time New York to life. As I read his book, it made me giddy to think I'm one of those fools who've made it their mission to keep the magic of the New York night alive.


The New York Times Book Review:

...Caldwell's analysis is quite canny at times, as is his understanding that nighttime draws us out of our safe homes precisely because of its "frisson of terror," and because it provides a veil through which we can encounter worlds happily avoided during daylight.

There is also a telling symmetry to the book. Times Square, the putative nocturnal mecca, has become a corral for gawking sightseers and ersatz entertainments that replicate the mall and television in a place meant to be an escape from the mall and television. The center of pulsing night life is now to be found farther downtown -- in the meatpacking district, the Lower East Side, and even right near the Battery, the spot where it all started.


The New York Observer:

Mark Caldwell's broad sweep is welcome when he writes about the gaslights, the buses and subways, and the other new technologies that gave life to the night. There's a wonderful passage where he quotes a writer visiting a brothel. There, the john discovered a new pleasure -- pure running water from the new aqueduct system. The happy, clean customer wrote: "we cannot reveal to vulgar the rapture that ensued."

But Mark Caldwell never forsakes his dark focus. At the very end, he visits Flash Dancers, a Broadway strip joint in midtown. Despite the loud music and the flashing lights, the patrons are immobile; "the most surprising thing about it is its gravity." Exactly like his book.